Second, the pre-Trump Republican Party he describes skips over the racialized politics of, for example, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan.
micah : Yeah, this description of the GOP seems waaaaay off:
In the years after Ronald Reagan, the Republican Party was defined by its abundance mind-set. The key Republican narratives were capitalist narratives about dynamic entrepreneurs and America’s heroic missions. The Wall Street Journal editorial page was the most important organ of conservative opinion. The party’s views on other issues, like immigration, were downstream from confidence in the abundant marketplace and the power of the American idea.
What about all the racialized law-and-order stuff?
clare.malone : My real problem with the article is that he doesn’t really prove his case.
He says at the very end of it, in a single paragraph:
Eventually, conservatives will realize: If we want to preserve conservatism, we can’t be in the same party as the clan warriors. Liberals will realize: If we want to preserve liberalism, we can’t be in the same party as the clan warriors.
But wait …
will
they realize this? What about
hyper-partisanship
? And check this out
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:
natesilver
: The article also skips over the importance of “
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” and the
evangelical movement
to the George W. Bush coalition. (And to the Reagan coalition too.)
micah : But, Nate, explain how you think the article misunderstands how parties work.
natesilver : Du. Ver. Ger’s. Law.
OK, that’s a pretty obscure reference. But its point is that party systems are heavily influenced by electoral structures.
You usually get two major parties, or maybe three, in first-past-the-post systems like the U.S. uses. Those European systems he’s talking about — where you have lots of viable parties — mostly have proportional representation .
It should really be “Duverger’s reasonably reliable empirical regularity” and not “Duverger’s law,” but it’s a pretty useful heuristic.
clare.malone : What a sentence.
My question is, when does Brooks think all of this is going to happen?
That is, is this something he thinks will come down the pike in 2020 (aka, David Brooks is a stan for Kasich 2020)?
Or is this something 25 years in the future?
natesilver : It will happen once more people read his columns and join the Reasonable Center.
micah : OK, so he sorta bungles parties and bungles recent U.S. political history, but let’s talk about the force he thinks will spur a viable third party …
Isn’t his argument like: People are getting really partisan and so therefore people will break out of partisanship?
Intersectional Feminism For Your Everyday Life
Originally published on The Body is Not an Apology and republished here with their permission.
ContentWarning : This article discusses triggering in detail and mentions common topics of triggering (sexual assault, anxiety, health anxiety, depression, death, non-specific fears and phobias).
ContentWarningI have been susceptible to triggering for about two-and-a-half years.
I developed health anxiety, and whenever I’m exposed to things relating to death and certain illnesses, I suddenly and quite dramatically feel all-encompassing panic spread through my entire body.
Sometimes, it goes away in seconds; at other times, it lingers for weeks, making it difficult to function normally until my mind reaches equilibrium again.
Different nations introduce whole numbers and arithmetic at different ages, with many countries teaching addition in pre-school. ^{ [31] } However, throughout the world, addition is taught by the end of the first year of elementary school. ^{ [32] }
Children are often presented with the addition table of pairs of numbers from 1 to 10 to memorize. Knowing this, one can perform any addition.
The prerequisite to addition in the
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system is the fluent recall or derivation of the 100 single-digit "addition facts". One could
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all the facts by , but pattern-based strategies are more enlightening and, for most people, more efficient:
^{
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}
As students grow older, they commit more facts to memory, and learn to derive other facts rapidly and fluently. Many students never commit all the facts to memory, but can still find any basic fact quickly. ^{ [30] }
The standard algorithm for adding multidigit numbers is to align the addends vertically and add the columns, starting from the ones column on the right. If a column exceeds nine, the extra digit is " carried " into the next column. For example, in the addition 27 + 59
7 + 9 = 16, and the digit 1 is the carry. ^{ cropped straight jeans White Maison Martin Margiela qD1q5tuwB } An alternate strategy starts adding from the most significant digit on the left; this route makes carrying a little clumsier, but it is faster at getting a rough estimate of the sum. There are many alternative methods.
Decimal fractions can be added by a simple modification of the above process. ^{ [34] } One aligns two decimal fractions above each other, with the decimal point in the same location. If necessary, one can add trailing zeros to a shorter decimal to make it the same length as the longer decimal. Finally, one performs the same addition process as above, except the decimal point is placed in the answer, exactly where it was placed in the summands.
As an example, 45.1 + 4.34 can be solved as follows:
In
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, numbers are written in the form
$x=a\times {10}^{b}$
, where
$a$
is the significand and
${10}^{b}$
is the exponential part. Addition requires two numbers in scientific notation to be represented using the same exponential part, so that the two significands can simply be added.
Focal resource
Geography