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A version of this article appeared in the May 2013 issue of .

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is the program director of the Futures Directorate at Oxford University’s Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. She spent nearly a decade on Shell’s corporate scenario team.

Angela Wilkinson is the program director of the Futures Directorate at Oxford University’s Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment. She spent nearly a decade on Shell’s corporate scenario team. Roland Kupers, an associate fellow at Oxford University, is a consultant who has written about complexity and futures. He was formerly a senior executive at Shell and at ATT. They are the authors of a forthcoming book on the history of Shell scenarios.

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I read this in 2016. I have the impression that today's homogeneization (due to the web and the social network impact on information sharing, and in general to a markets regulation policy that don't priviledge differentiation over cost advantage ) is making scenarios planning always less fruitfull. The number of variables free to change is shrinking: industries are dominated by oligopolies ( e.g. the Gas Turbine industry went from dozens of players to around 3 in just 15 years), nations are clustering into macro-economics areas, Comsumers are feeded with the same brands in every city of the world. The only variables still uncertain are the sudden swings of mind of some politician that can decide over a specific commodity / market access point / local regulation in an unconsistent way. So scenarios are always less about evolutionary trends and always more about betting on human freewill. Does this make scenarios still appetible or simple un-usable? I fear to be keen to the second one. user Florida User writes:

"Zoosk boasts ‘Millions of Members!’ Well, this is true, and not true. What Zoosk fails to mention is how many of those millions are actually active. See, if you join Zoosk and quit, your profile remains active. It still shows up years after you are gone. After the big push with Facebook in 2007, nearly all of those accounts are dead.

In reality, only a small percentage of the people you see on Zoosk are current, active members. The rest are dead profiles.

This is easily proven by finding photos that are date-stamped. It is not unusual to find photos stamped 2006, 2007 or even older. Dead profiles, guaranteed.

So, if you were to randomly email 30 people on Zoosk, odds are that 85% of those profiles are dead and you'll never get a reply. 4 of your emails might make it to living, breathing members. Not good odds.

Zoosk even tactfully uses these dead profiles in their extra charge services, such as "Boost". You physically need to be online to activate this service. Yet, when you click on a boosted member, you'll find that they haven't been online, even recently. So, how did they get onto this extra-charge service? Zoosk pretty much randomly loads in members for their "Boost" feature when they don't have enough current members willing to pay for it.

If you want to test this theory, do a search, say within 50 miles of your location. Keep track of those members who show up as "Currently Online" or "Recently Online". If the member isn't tagged with either one of those, odds are it's a dead profile.

If you decide to quit Zoosk, take down all your photos and delete the bulk of your profile. This will keep from misleading other members 10-years from now."

Reddit user Arise212 writes:

"Most of the female profiles are fake or inactive. You will get auto responses from many of them after you send them a message, but its misleading because they don't appear to be auto responses at first. I find this to be deceptive of on Zoosk's part. Hopefully the site has changed since then, but I doubt it."

But it's not all negative, there are some success stories here, such as user KMont1221 writes:

"There are a lot of negative reviews about this site, but I have a positive one. I was on it for maybe 3 months. I had some dates, met my boyfriend. We've been together almost a year and are expecting twin boys in the fall. I never had any issues with billing, but I read the fine print and I knew their cancellation policy. So no surprises and I'm completely in love. :)"

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"I heard that Zoosk was full of dead accounts and phony profiles. However, i've also been told that they have revamped it and it's way better now. I just signed up but will have to wait till next pay to pay for the features. I had a friend that said she did meet a few people on there and had some success versus OKC. They asked me to verify my acct through text or FB…"

Technology continues to make learning things simpler and easier. Curious about something? You can instantly Google it and find all sorts of information. This may tempt you to bring your laptop to class and use your superior typing speed in order to take down more notes.

However, more is not always better. In recent research done to test the efficacy of typing out vs. writing out notes, Silk Leopard Print Trousers Dries Van Noten s8PqpIna

The researchers believe the cause for this is the tendency of those who use a keyboard to take down the lecture verbatim. Those who write out their notes, because of the slow speed, can’t afford this luxury, forcing them to summarize what the speaker is presenting.

What’s the takeaway from this?

Whether you use pen and paper or a laptop, do not try to take down “exactly” what the lecturer is saying. Instead, focus on summarizing the lecture by getting to its core. This will put an extra load on your comprehension through active engagement of the material, resulting in higher retention.

Divide your page into two columns, the right being about twice the size of the left.

The right side is going to be for note-taking while the left is used for keywords or questions. When taking the notes one should be careful not to write out too much. Paraphrase, summarize, and condense as much as possible. As you move along use the left column to write out the big idea keywords for your notes and write down any questions about the topic.

Leave some space at the end of each page. This will be used to summarize the page of notes as a whole (one should attempt this summary no longer than a day after the lecture).

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so effective?

Cognitively, you are essentially packaging, unpackaging, re-packaging, and wrapping a nice little ribbon around the whole thing.

The right column condenses the lecture into short comments which is then chunked into a keyword or idea. Any question you may have gets written down which helps to clarify the details creating a more accurate picture of those ideas. Finally, the summarization of the page of notes ties all those points together.

You don’t come home from the grocery store and try to carry in each item individually; You bunch them together, making the workload much easier (one trip or bust). When you chunk up the lesson into a clear and concise whole, the details of the lesson are retained more efficiently.

No matter what system you use to take notes it needs to organize the information in a way that can be easily summarized.

Your best asset for packaging what you are trying to learn is your ability to think critically about the subject.

Learning important subjects should involve active, deliberate effort.

Thinking critically about the topic allows you to categorize it more efficiently and with more clarity. You get to ask questions about it, clearing up any confusions. You get to pry deeper into the details. Finally, you get to criticize the idea and see how it holds up.

Today, the equivalent may be a team putting out an order for late-night pizza while they are working hard on pushing out a release update or finalizing a new product feature.

Edison was always keeping his eyes and ears open, watching what others were doing. When he learned that the competition — in one case, Alexander Graham Bell — was nearing completion of a phonograph, Edison called a confab and his closest colleagues and contributors came to a three-day session to help solve the challenge.

The lessons that Mens Silk Pocket Square tiled by VIDA VIDA 6nURH9l
are vital and very applicable in today’s work world. Many of the following points were integral to Edison keeping forward momentum on his projects:

Embracing his team’s creativity was a huge asset for Edison. In fact, he encouraged them to contribute ideas, jot down ideas, and sketch out diagrams. The best ideas from his experimenters were identified and developed — keeping creation at a group level rather than favoring individuals.

According to historian Greg Fields, Edison’s keen insight into the creative process was what set his work apart from the rest.

“One of Edison’s greatest overlooked talents was his ability to assemble teams and set up an organizational structure that fostered many people’s creativity,” Fields says .

Many of Edison’s inventions involved a complex menagerie of parts, machinery, and electrical wizardry. Edison relied heavily on drawings and sketches to help map things out and manage complex concepts in his inventions. They also helped out when it came time to filing for patents.

As Edison pursued the advancement of electricity, his notes and drawings for work on the electric light grew so big they required their own notebook.

Today, there are many scientific links to the Womens Klaim Np OpenToe Sandals Carvela UriHsI
by drawing, again showing how well Edison presaged modern productivity methods.

And then, of course, there’s one of the world’s most famous to-do lists.

Edison isn’t quite considered the father of the to-do list. But, his lists — especially the four-page ‘things doing and to be done” he created in 1888, established an important system of managing and tracking all the projects he had going on during the opening of his West Orange laboratory and the projects he planned to start.

In the span of a few notebook pages Edison penciled in work he wanted to manage for the cotton picker, the electric piano, ink for the blind, the phonograph, and a chalk battery. While he certainly didn’t complete everything on this massive list, it represented the opportunity to get ideas at many different stages committed to paper.

“He did keep a very careful record of the experimental work. At West Orange, every project was assigned a number. At all of his laboratories, you can find account records and experimental records. He was managing costs, figuring out where things might start to get too expensive,” said Paul Israel.

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